Heart bypass is a vascular surgery that is done for fixing blockages in the coronary arteries.
Heart bypass or coronary bypass surgery is performed when you have a blocked coronary artery. These are blood vessels that supply blood to the heart. If they are blocked, blood may stop flowing to the heart. This has severe consequences, and can cause serious chest pains, a heart attack and can also lead to death.
A typical bypass procedure works as follows:
Heart bypass is a major surgery and requires a lot of post-operative care. Medications will of course be prescribed, which you should duly adhere to. They will help to prevent blood clots, lower blood pressure and control diabetes.
You will have to make lifestyle changes, and incorporate a diet that is suitable and healthy. An exercise regimen that is not intensive, but still regular and keeps you fit, is also vital. Avoiding smoking and managing your stress levels are also essential factors that will decide the long term success of your surgery.
Many people stay symptom free for 10-15 years, but this will depend on your lifestyle modifications as well as how your health status was at the time of surgery. In addition, your medical history also plays a role in deciding your final result.
Lastly, be communicative. Talk to your loved ones and your doctors about any questions, doubts and feelings you may have.