An arthroscopy is an orthopaedic procedure that is generally used for diagnosing and treating certain issues in the joints.
The content has been reviewed for quality and accuracy to the best of our knowledge by Qunomedical and its Medical Board of Experts.
Below is how a knee arthroscopy typically works:
You will usually be placed under general anaesthesia. Local or spinal anaesthesia are other options.
2. The surgeon will make a few small incisions around the knee that is to be examined. Through these incisions, the arthroscope (which is a tube with fiber optic cables, lenses and an attached video camera at the end) and a few small instruments will be inserted.
3. The knee will be pumped with sterile fluid so that it can be viewed better.
4. The feed from the area will be displayed on a screen, and allows the surgeon to clearly look at the cartilage, ligaments and elements that are otherwise hard to visualize. This way, the surgeon can diagnose any impairments and correct them immediately.
5. Lastly, the instruments and the arthroscope are removed. The incisions are closed with surgical tape or stitches and covered with a dressing.
An arthroscopy is performed as keyhole surgery, and is much less invasive than a general open surgery. The surgery does not take very long usually, and depending on your case, you will be placed under general, local or spinal anaesthesia. In case of general anaesthesia, you will be brought into a room to recover and wake up fully before you are discharged. Recovery takes anywhere from a few days to a few weeks, and is greatly dependent on your case and level of fitness.