Human bones are made of a protein known as collagen and a mineral known as calcium phosphate. Bones are living tissue, and can hence grow and repair themselves.
Three main types of cells make up our bones-
The following risk factors increase your likelihood of being diagnosed with bone cancer:
Following are the main symptoms of bone cancer:
In addition to a consultation where your oncologist will discuss your medical history and carry out a physical exam, here are some of the basic diagnostic tests you will/can undergo:
There are two main types of surgery for treating bone cancer: Limb sparing surgery - This surgery is recommended/performed when the cancer has not spread in the body. The surgeon removes the cancer and some surrounding tissue and spares the limb. The removed section is then filled in with a prosthesis or a bone graft. An amputation is performed when the cancer has metastasized, or limb sparing surgery was unsuccessful.
Uses anti-cancer drugs to kill or shrink the cancer causing cells and to prevent the spread of cancer to other areas of the body. Chemotherapy can be given before or after the surgery to shrink the tumor and to prevent the cancer from returning respectively. It is also given in combination with radiotherapy or as palliative care for late stage cancer. The specific chemotherapy drug or combination of drugs will be prescribed based on your individual case.
Targeted therapy drugs, are as the name suggested more specific, i.e, they harm cancer cells and do not have any adverse effects on surrounding or other cells of our body. As of now, targeted therapy drugs are used for bone cancers where chemotherapy might not have been successful.
Radiation therapy works by aiming high energy waves at the cancerous cells. This treatment, as chemotherapy, can be given before and/or after surgery and is also used for shrinking the tumor when surgery is not an option.
Please bear in mind, that your medical history, your environment which includes family and friends, your lifestyle habits, genetics, the type and intensity of cancer you have, all play a role in deciding the course of your treatment. Many times a combination of treatments is recommended, and this may change through the duration of your illness. This is done so the doctor can ensure that you are getting the best possible treatment for your individual case.
We understand that before going through a major treatment like surgery or radiotherapy, you may be feeling unsure and want a second opinion, or you would like to look for the top oncologist specializing in bone cancer, or for a clinical trial doing cutting edge research. For support with any of these queries and question, Qunomedical is here for you 24/7.