Treatment Guides

In Vitro Fertilization

In Vitro Fertilization is a form of assisted reproductive technology. The procedure involves combining an egg with a sperm sample in a laboratory and then transferring it back into the female's uterus.

The content has been reviewed for quality and accuracy to the best of our knowledge by Qunomedical and its Medical Board of Experts.

quick details
WHO IS THIS FOR
  • Women with blocked or removed fallopian tubes
  • Women who have conditions affecting their fertility, like endometriosis or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
  • Couples where the male has a low sperm count.
  • IVF is generally recommended for women under the age of 40.
SUCCESS
  • Success rates vary by age. Women under the age of 34 have a 40% success rate, followed by 31% for those aged 35-37, 21% from 38-40, 11% for women aged 41-42, and 5% for women older than 43 years of age.
RECOVERY TIME
  • While patients are recommended to rest and take things easy following embryo transfer, they can generally return home immediately following the procedure.
TREATMENT DURATION
  • IVF takes place in "cycles" which last from 4-6 weeks.
  • The first stage takes around 14 days as egg production is stimulated.
  • Egg maturation and removal then take around 2-4 days.
  • Fertilisation then lasts for 3-5 days in the laboratory, before embryos are selected for implantation.
  • Around 14 days after that, patients return to their specialist to assess whether the process was a success.
POTENTIAL RISKS & SIDE EFFECTS
  • Multiple births and ectopic pregnancies
  • Psychological symptoms such as mood swings and anxiety
  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) can result when egg sacks produce excess numbers of follicles
Costs

Below the average prices for one cycle of In Vitro Fertilization across countries using own eggs.

  • Turkey

    € 2,480
  • India

    € 2,800
  • Czech Republic

    € 3,100
HOW DOES IT WORK?

What is In Vitro Fertilisation?

In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) is a procedure which involves fertilising the egg of a female outside the human body. Instead of sperm fertilising the egg within the uterus, fertilisation takes place in laboratory conditions, and the resultant embryo is then implanted in the woman's uterus.

The process is commonly used in cases where women are unable to conceive naturally, which could be due to conditions like endometriosis, damaged fallopian tubes or simply unexplained infertility. And it's also used in cases where men suffer from low sperm count or sperm motility.

What are the steps involved during IVF?

Here is a breakdown of how In Vitro Fertilization works step by step.

ivf step by step

1. Hormone therapy
The IVF process actually starts long before the treatment itself. First, the woman will be prescribed a round of fertility medications in order to stimulate egg production. It is important for the woman to have as many eggs as possible available for extraction because this increases the likelihood that a healthy, viable embryo will be created. Along with the fertility medications, the doctors will perform ultrasounds and blood tests to make sure that the woman's ovaries are healthy and that her hormone levels are where they need to be.

2. Egg aspiration
The second step in the IVF process involves extracting eggs from the woman. When medical staff have determined that the patient is ready, they begin the "retrieval" phase. Injections are administered which stimulate ovulation and they are captured just at the moment they leave the patient's follicles.

The procedure is minor and involves guiding a hollow needle into the pelvic region to obtain the eggs. The specialist utilizes ultrasound imaging throughout the procedure to make it as quick and efficient as possible.The procedure typically lasts around 30 minutes. Throughout the operation, the woman is medicated and comfortably resting to minimize any potential pain or discomfort.

3. Sperm preparation
Once the eggs have been extracted, the man will be asked to provide a sperm sample to combine with the eggs. If the woman is utilizing a sperm bank, the previously selected donor sperm will be combined with her eggs.

4. Egg fertilization
Once the eggs and sperm have been collected, the process of manual fertilization can begin. This is called insemination, and it involves carefully combining the sperm and eggs in a laboratory dish.

5. Embryo development
The eggs are stored and carefully monitored to ensure that proper fertilization is happening and that the cells are dividing correctly. In general, it can take anywhere from three to five days before the fertilized eggs have developed into embryos.

6. Embryo transfer
When the embryos are ready, the women returns for a second procedure, where either a single or a group of embryos is placed inside her uterus.

This transfer is usually done with a small, thin tube inserted into the uterus. While this procedure is generally painless, some women do experience cramping or mild discomfort.

After that, a third visit is generally required to test for signs of pregnancy, which generally takes place a couple of weeks after the embryos are implanted.

What should I expect?

IVF is successful in roughly 30% of cases, so patients should be aware that there is a likelihood that they will not become pregnant. Expectations also should be adjusted by age. Women under the age of 35 have a 40% chance of achieving pregnancy via IVF, while the figure for those aged over 40 is just 11% (5% for women older than 43).

IVF procedures should not be painful, although minor cramping and discomfort can accompany the implantation stage. Side effects are generally mild, but can include constipation, breast tenderness, hot flashes, weight gain, nausea and headaches. However, recovery from the implantation is virtually instant, and patients can leave the clinic on the same day.

Women may also experience psychological side effects of the IVF process. The hormones used to stimulate egg production are associated with mood swings and depression, while the anxiety of seeking a successful result can also be psychologically challenging. However, these symptoms tend to be temporary, being caused by spikes in estrogen levels during the fertility cycle.

Within 2 weeks of implantation, couples should know whether the process has been successful. At that stage, other complications are possible, such as ectopic or multiple pregnancies. Both are more likely when IVF is used, and ectopic pregnancies in particular will need additional treatment to ensure the safety of the mother. However, it's important to bear in mind the vast majority of successful implantations result in a healthy foetus.

It's also important to remember that if IVF is unsuccessful, there may be another chance. Much of the time, women undergoing IVF produce too many eggs for implantation, and these eggs can be stored for future use. So the process can be repeated if the patient desires.

WHERE CAN I FIND A DOCTOR?
Qunomedical Health Managers have an all-round knowledge to find the right specialist for you. Learn more about Qunomedical.

Costs for In Vitro Fertilization depend on how many cycles you undergo, your overall health conditions, and medications needed. As shown in the table below, prices from country to country can vary greatly.

Top destinations

Displayed locations reflect average package prices (treatment and airport transfer) booked through Qunomedical. Cost for transport to the destination (e.g. airfare) is not included. Below are average prices for an IVF cycle in different countries. Prices may vary depending on individual needs and conditions.

  • Turkey

    € 2,480
  • India

    € 2,800
  • Czech Republic

    € 3,100
  • Spain

    € 3,500
Reviews

5.0

11 Reviews in All Countries

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Verified Patient

Mariam K. F.,

Kazakhstan

March 18, 2019

| Eco Clinic IVF, Russia

overall

friendliness

facilities

The doctor gave us a consultation, provided advice and recommendations. She devoted enough time to us and we found out everything we wanted.

I liked that Garibidi Elena Vladimirovna explains and describes everything properly. Everything is clean-cut, clear and on point. The initial consultation started half an hour late for an unknown reason. The doctor gave us a consultation, provided advice and recommendations. She devoted enough time to us and we found out everything we wanted. Our treatment was nice and positive. We will come again.

Verified Patient

Alexandra T.,

Russia

March 4, 2019

| Eco Clinic IVF, Russia

overall

friendliness

facilities

I was offered two ways of solving it, and the doctor told me about both of them in great detail: what is going to happen, how it is going to happen, which is better for me personally. The doctor provided clean-cut and clear answers to every question I had.

I was choosing the doctor by the rating and picked Anna Alexandrovna. The doctor made the best impression. She listened to me, personally performed ultrasonography and revealed the problem. I was offered two ways of solving it, and the doctor told me about both of them in great detail: what is going to happen, how it is going to happen, which is better for me personally. The doctor provided clean-cut and clear answers to every question I had. I consider her to be a very qualified specialist.

Verified Patient

Hayala K. S.,

Kazakhstan

February 19, 2019

| Eco Clinic IVF, Russia

overall

friendliness

facilities

Anna Alexandrovna doesn’t talk her patients’ ears off, she only explains the essence accessibly. It is very pleasant and comfortable to communicate with a person so beautiful in all aspects.

I’ve been followed up by Anna Alexandrovna Ryzhova for a few years. Infertility is not the only women’s problem that this personable, tactful, composed, confident in her words and prescriptions doctor successfully deals with. She listens patiently when the patient talks, despite their explanations being confused and incoherent, which is very rare these days: the doctors have lost their ability to listen. At the end of the appointment the patient can be sure the doctor has heard her and understood all complaints and requests. Anna Alexandrovna doesn’t talk her patients’ ears off, she only explains the essence accessibly. It is very pleasant and comfortable to communicate with a person so beautiful in all aspects. Thank you, Anna Alexandrovna, I wish you health and all the best!

Verified Patient

Nadezhda Z.,

Russia

January 23, 2019

| Eco Clinic IVF, Russia

overall

friendliness

facilities

We received infertility treatment in January 2018, and in October 2018 we welcomed our little daughter!!! Anna Alexandrovna Ryzhova selected a treatment regimen properly and effectively!!

I’d like to express huge gratitude to all personnel of the clinic!!! We received infertility treatment in January 2018, and in October 2018 we welcomed our little daughter!!! Anna Alexandrovna Ryzhova selected a treatment regimen properly and effectively!!! Thanks to your clinic’s work people obtain their long-awaited happiness!!! THANK YOU VERY MUCH EVERYONE!!!

Verified Patient

Qian Li,

China

August 15, 2018

| Eco Clinic IVF, Russia

overall

friendliness

facilities

In a word, the treatment experience in clinic "ECO" is a great memory of my life.

It is really a pleasant experience during the treatment procedure in clinic "ECO". I am a foreigner patient, and do not know any Russian At first, I am afraid that we can not communicate with each other well. But under the help of the clinic's CEO, Elena Pilyagina, we fully understand each other. She is always helping, giving her professional advice, introducing the detailed treatment plan, solving all the question that I am confused of, and arranging all the stages of the program. And other staffs of the clinic are very kind as well, they are always on my side and explain all the issues that I care of. In a word, the treatment experience in clinic "ECO" is a great memory of my life.

Verified Patient

Anastasia A.,

Russia

April 10, 2018

| Eco Clinic IVF, Russia

overall

friendliness

facilities

She is a wonderful specialist, a great professional in her field. She correctly diagnosed me with HPV and helped me cope with it.

I’ve sought medical advice from Garibidiy Elena Vladimirovna time after time. I’ve been followed up by her for a long time. She is a wonderful specialist, a great professional in her field. She correctly diagnosed me with HPV and helped me cope with it. She is attentive, polite, amiable. She behaves ethically toward patients. I am very pleased with the doctor’s work.

Sophie and Charles,

United Kingdom

February 22, 2018

| Institut Marques, Spain

overall

friendliness

facilities

Thank you for your affection

First of all and no matter what happens, my husband and I are very grateful for all the care you have given us from the first minute after entering through the door of the Masía. All the affection, support, professionalism, sympathy… I do not have enough attributes to describe the love we have received so far. In a few days we will get our results and, even if it does not work this first time, we are not going to give up, we will continue to trust the whole team, as I am sure we will get there. Congratulations Institut Marquès for being the pioneering centre, not only in Assisted Reproduction, but also in the care and love for your patients. A big hug for all the staff and thank you, Dr. López-Teijón, for your time. I just wanted to show you my appreciation.

Irene and Pedro,

Spain

February 22, 2018

| Institut Marques, Spain

overall

friendliness

facilities

The most desirable dream

Our dream has come true. So much time of struggle to fulfill the most desirable dream: our chubby boy! This year we got the best gift ever. Thank you very much to the whole team and thanks to Dr. Andrade for her help… Warm wishes

Verified Patient

Victoria T.,

Russia

October 30, 2017

| Eco Clinic IVF, Russia

overall

friendliness

facilities

I was lucky to have Anna Alexandrovna supervise me during my first pregnancy. I’ve been recalling Anna Alexandrovna with warm feelings for almost 15 years.

I’ve been followed up by Anna Alexandrovna since 2003, when she was still working in an ordinary clinic for women. I was lucky to have Anna Alexandrovna supervise me during my first pregnancy. It was always pleasant to come to her appointment: the examination was thorough, the recommendations were worthwhile, she was attentive and amiable. It was obvious the doctor who treats her duties in such manner would not stay in a municipal clinic for long. She needed progress and prospects. I’ve been recalling Anna Alexandrovna with warm feelings for almost 15 years. Unfortunately, I’ve never had such luck with other doctors of this specialization anymore.

Verified Patient

Svetlana P.,

Russia

June 19, 2017

| Eco Clinic IVF, Russia

overall

friendliness

facilities

Elena Vladimirovna started following me up back when she has been working in another clinic. I like this doctor a lot!

Elena Vladimirovna started following me up back when she has been working in another clinic. I like this doctor a lot! First of all, she makes correct diagnoses and appoints proper treatment. There had never been an occasion when the medicine she appointed didn’t help. Secondly, she is a very pleasant person, a crimson heart. It is possible to discuss even unrelated subjects with her, she can give advice. I think it is also very important for a doctor. I definitely have no intention of switching to another specialist!