Cervical cancer occurs in the lowest part of the uterus, and is currently the fourth most common cancer in women around the world.
The following risk factors increase your likelihood of being diagnosed with cervical cancer:
Following are the main symptoms of cervical cancer:
In addition to a consultation where your oncologist will discuss your medical history and carry out a physical exam, here are some of the basic diagnostic tests you will/can undergo:
Surgery is often used treat cervical cancer. There are three main types:
1. Trachelectomy: Carried out laparoscopically, in a trachelectomy only the cervix, the upper part of your vagina,and lymph nodes are removed. The uterus is preserved.
2. Hysterectomy: The surgery is performed under general anaesthesia. In case of a simple hysterectomy only the uterus and cervix are removed, whereas in a radical hysterectomy, surrounding uterus tissue and a small part of the vagina along with the uterus and cervix are also removed. There are different ways of carrying this procedure out, such as using a laparoscopy, robot-assisted, through the abdomen or through the vagina.
3. Pelvic exenteration: This is the most radical surgery for cervical cancer. The procedure is carried out only when the cancer has recurred. The surgery involves removing the cervix, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes along with the bladder, rectum and vagina depending on where the cancer has metastasized to.
Chemotherapy works by using anti-cancer drugs to kill or shrink the cancerous cells and to prevent the spread of cancer to other areas of the body. It can be administered as a pill or given intravenously. Chemotherapy can be given before or after the surgery to shrink the tumor and to prevent the cancer from returning respectively. It is also given in combination with radiotherapy or as palliative care for late stage cancer.
Radiation therapy works by aiming high energy waves at the cancerous cells. This treatment, as chemotherapy, can be given before and/or after surgery and is also used for shrinking the tumor when surgery is not an option.
Please bear in mind, that your medical history, your environment which includes family and friends, your lifestyle habits, genetics, the type and intensity of cancer you have, all play a role in deciding the course of your treatment. Many times a combination of treatments is recommended, and this may change through the duration of your illness. This is done so the doctor can ensure that you are getting the best possible treatment for your individual case.
We understand that before going through a major treatment like surgery or radiotherapy, you may be feeling unsure and want a second opinion, or you would like to look for the top oncologist specializing in Cervical cancer, or for a clinical trial doing cutting edge research. For support with any of these queries and question, Qunomedical is here for you 24/7.