Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects the different types of blood cells. It can be acute or chronic in nature, and starts either in the myeloid or lymphoid cells of the bone marrow. Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) begins in the myeloid cells (such as neutrophils, basophils, macrophages, among others).
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There are a few factors that can increase the risk of AML:
The general symptoms associated with AML are:
Here are the following diagnostic tests and screening procedures you have to undergo for AML:
Uses anti-cancer drugs to kill or shrink the cancer causing cells and to prevent the spread of cancer to other areas of the body. This is the main form of treatment against AML, and you may receive one drug at a time or a combination of drugs. Chemotherapy is delivered either intravenously, subcutaneously, orally or via injections in the cerebrospinal fluid. There are 2 main phases of chemotherapy for AML namely:
There is now the possibility of using targeted therapy drugs which are, are as the name suggested more specific to destroying only cancer cells. Targeted therapy drugs are mostly used in tandem with chemotherapy drugs, but may also be given alone.
Stem cell transplant
This procedure is carried out after an intensive round of high dose chemotherapy or radiotherapy that kills all cells in the bone marrow including the cancerous cells. A stem cell transplant allows the transfer of hematopoietic stem cells into the bone marrow, where new blood cells can grow from them. Stem cell transplants are of two types namely: Allogeneic, whereby a donor’s stem cells are used, and Autologous, where a patient’s own stem cells are used.
Radiation therapy works by aiming high energy waves at the cancerous cells. This type of treatment is often used for leukemia that has spread to other parts of the body and before a stem cell transplant.
Please bear in mind, that your medical history, your environment which includes family and friends, your lifestyle habits, genetics, the type and intensity of cancer you have, all play a role in deciding the course of your treatment. Many times a combination of treatments is recommended, and this may change through the duration of your illness. This is done so the doctor can ensure that you are getting the best possible treatment for your individual case.
We understand that before going through a major treatment like chemotherapy or a stem cell transplant, you may be feeling unsure and want a second opinion, or you would like to look for the top oncologist specializing in prostate cancer, or for a clinical trial doing cutting edge research. For support with any of these queries and question, Qunomedical is here for you 24/7.