Treatment Guides

Heart Bypass Surgery

Heart bypass is a vascular surgery that is done for fixing blockages in the coronary arteries.

quick details
WHO IS THIS FOR
  • Individuals with coronary artery disease.
  • In an emergency, in case of a heart attack.
  • Individuals that have previously had other unsuccessful treatments against blocked arteries.
RECOVERY TIME
  • 6-12 weeks.
TREATMENT DURATION
  • 3-6 hours.
SUCCESS
  • Over 95%.
POTENTIAL RISKS & SIDE EFFECTS
  • Bleeding.
  • Arrhythmias.
  • Infections.
  • Possibility of cognitive deficiencies.
  • Kidney problems.
  • Stroke.
HOW DOES IT WORK?

How does a heart bypass work?

Heart bypass or coronary bypass surgery is performed when you have a blocked coronary artery. These are blood vessels that supply blood to the heart. If they are blocked, blood may stop flowing to the heart. This has severe consequences, and can cause serious chest pains, a heart attack and can also lead to death.

A typical bypass procedure works as follows:

  • You will be placed under general anaesthesia.
  • Next, the surgeon will take a blood vessel either from your arm, leg or your chest. This healthy blood vessel will be used to then ‘bypass’ the blocked artery in your heart.
  • The surgeon will then open your chest, and temporarily stop your heart. You will be connected to a heart-lung machine. The machine, as the name suggests, takes over the functioning of the two organs throughout the duration of the surgery.
  • The extracted blood vessel is attached by connecting one end just below the blocked artery, and the other end to the aorta. This way, blood flow is deflected to avoid the impaired artery.
  • The surgeon will place pacing wires and a chest tube in your chest. The wires are kept as a safety measure, in case you have an irregular heart rhythm. The chest tube is needed to drain fluid out.
  • Lastly, your heartbeat will be restored and the surgeon will take you off the heart-lung machine. They will then proceed to close your sternum with wires and then your chest will be stitched up.

What should I expect from this procedure?

Heart bypass is a major surgery and requires a lot of post-operative care. Medications will of course be prescribed, which you should duly adhere to. They will help to prevent blood clots, lower blood pressure and control diabetes.

You will have to make lifestyle changes, and incorporate a diet that is suitable and healthy. An exercise regimen that is not intensive, but still regular and keeps you fit, is also vital. Avoiding smoking and managing your stress levels are also essential factors that will decide the long term success of your surgery.

Many people stay symptom free for 10-15 years, but this will depend on your lifestyle modifications as well as how your health status was at the time of surgery. In addition, your medical history also plays a role in deciding your final result.

Lastly, be communicative. Talk to your loved ones and your doctors about any questions, doubts and feelings you may have.

WHERE CAN I FIND A DOCTOR?
Qunomedical Health Managers have an all-round knowledge to find the right specialist for you. Learn more about Qunomedical.
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Lisenkov,

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I am wholeheartedly thankful to Kardiolita for an excellent organization of all matters, all the doctors and nurses, all operating personnel, and wish to all of you the best of health and success, and prosperity for the hospital.

Dear Kardiolita Staff! My family and I cannot find enough words to express our biggest thanks to each and every one of you for leading me on my way to getting well. I am really glad that I entrusted my difficult heart surgery to your doctors, especially knowing the difficult medical condition I was in: heart attack in summer 2011 and a stroke in October 2011, additionally to P type diabetes. Your perfectly organized hospital was leading us from the very beginning of our trip in the Moscow airport (where we had to get the visas as soon as possible) to the very end of our trip home. The driver who was taking us to the airport never let us lift our luggage - not me, nor my wife. After spending this time in the hospital, I can undoubtedly say - so far, we have never seen such a sincere, warm, attentive, truly professional and at the same time - "non-commercial" attitude to a patient and the accompanying person. On a separate note, I would like to mention the newest medical equipment in the hospital, and the excellent atmosphere and living conditions: me and my wife, we stayed in a fully equipped family room (20 sq. meters); food was brought to the room (you can order from the menu). I am wholeheartedly thankful to Professor Gied Thom, Region Manager Gint Ziny for excellent organization of all matters, all the doctors and nurses, all operating personnel, and wish to all of you the best of health and success, and prosperity for the hospital. By the way, one of the most important reasons for choosing Kardiolita as my hospital, was the price for the surgery (including diagnostics), post-operative care and stay in the hospital (the accompanying person can live in the same room together with the patient) - the total price for all of the services was roughly 3 times lower compared to the same services in Germany. Thank you Kardiolita!