Lung surgery is a procedure done to repair or remove lung tissue. Depending on the disease or treatment required, there are different types of lung surgeries that could be administered, including a biopsy of an unknown growth, pneumonectomy (removal of a lung), lung transplant, lobectomy (removal of one lobe of a lung), and wedge resection (resection of a small segment of lung tissue). This type of surgery may be recommended to anyone who is suffering from lung cancer, collapsed lung tissue, diseased lung tissue due to emphysema, tumors, blood clots, infection, fluid buildup, and complications from tuberculosis.
There are two common ways to operate your lungs: thoracotomy and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). In both cases, patients will be administered general anesthesia before surgery. For some surgeries, the whole procedure can be made with the help of a video camera (video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, or VATS) and special surgical instruments. The video camera is inserted into your chest through a small incision, hence speeding up recovery time During a thoracotomy, you'll lie on your side with your arm placed above your head. A surgical cut will be made between two ribs and a portion of the lung will be deflated. The necessary treatment will then take place, which might include removal of lung tissue. Drainage tubes will then be placed on your chest to drain any fluids that have built up. The muscles, ribs, and skins will be closed with sutures, allowing you to begin recovery. The whole procedure typically lasts between 2 and 6 hours. Once the procedure is completed, you'll likely stay at the hospital for 5-7 days, though full recovery time depends on the type of lung surgery you undergo.